Mandalay, the third largest city of the country, the old capital of the kingdom Burma, is currently a city in full rise.
The city built according to a geometrical plan around the palate of the last Burmese kings, is a young city. It is the city of king Mindon whom it made build as from 1857, to commemorate the 2400e anniversary of dead of Buddha of which the legend (the facts were never proven) known as that it visited these places and indicated that it was necessary to build there a city for the anniversary of his death.
Unfortunately, Mandalay was taken in the storm of the Second World War and very often bombarded. Immense royal palace was shaved; there remain only the walls about it. It was completed by an immense fire, which destroyed the city drink some in 1984. For the memory (and tourism) it was rebuild as the origin.
But all around Mandalay, three old capitals of Burma remain: Sagaing in 1315, Ava in 1365 and 1720, and Amarapura in 1782. If the current modern city has little charm, the surroundings conceal many treasures.
* With the foot of the hill of Mandalay, the pagoda Kuthodaw, the largest book of the world, a whole of steles (729) where were engraved the texts bouddhic of Tripitaka.
* The Kyauktawgyi pagoda which contains an enormous statue of the Buddha carved in only one block of marble come from the careers close to Sagyin
* The Mahamouni pagoda, great place of worship.
* The monastery of Shwenandaw.
AMARAPURA, MRINGUN, AVA, SAGAING
* Excursion the morning with Amarapura. Visit Mahaganda Yone monastery and spectacular bridge out of wooden of U Bein, built with the pillars of the royal Palate AVA.
* Visit in Mingun of the gigantic unfinished pagoda of king Bodpaya, Myatheindan pagoda, one of most imposing never creates in the world, dedicated to the Hsinbyume princess.
* Excursion with AVA, founded at the 14th century after the decline of Bagan which remained the capital of Burma until its transfer to Amarapura. At this point in time it became Ratnapura, the city of the jewels.
* Visit monastery Maha Aungmye Bonzan, Htilainshin pagoda and elegant pagodas of the south of the city, the Leitutgyi pagodas and Lawkatharaphu.
* Sagaing: famous for its marble careers, old capital of the Shan kingdom and which remains one of the most active hearths of the Buddhist religion.
The road to Pyin Oo Lwin is the mountainside, which is a station of altitude (1000m) to the colonial perfumes. With 68kms of an animated road (2h30), will reach to the small city called May Myo; formerly by English the city of colonel May " Maytown ". Still visit this very British city similar to Kalaw, which with its old colonial houses, its coffee plantations, its botanical garden built by one of the former British governors of Burma, Sir Harcourt Butler. Visit village of Shibaa, and water falls of Pwe Kauk and Anisakan. Return by the road to Mandalay.
In the Western North of Mandalay, is a place where many spectacular constructions are locating and in particular the Thanboddhay temple built according to dreams' of a monk, and who contains close to a half million representations of Buddha (582 357 to be very precise) and the greatest Buddha lying of Burma perched at the top of one of the hills which dominate the city. Visit the two more famous villages of lacquers, charming the village rural of Kyaukka if you are there. They will be appealer of Kyaukka-North (one manufactures the supports in braided bamboo there) and Kyaukka-South (one applies to it the layers of black lacquer, the speciality of Kyaukka, drawn from the resin of the original shrub of Shan plate.
Within 18 kms in the East of Monywa on the road of Mandalay, you can visit the pagoda Loka Aung Mye of XVIIe century, which has admirable paintings of the life of the Buddha but also of popular local tales.
Crossing in ferry of the river Chin Win to go to visit one of the most attractive sites of all Burma: Po Win Daung, a whole of rupestral caves of which some date from the 15th century.
Today the site inhabited by more than one hundred of monks is a place of worship and pelerine.
The Po worship Win Shin Tha, the protective Mother of the site is particularly active. Each day the pelerins deposit in front of its image all kinds of offerings (fruits, incense, money, etc). These believing dug the majority of the caves. Reserved for the prayer or the circumambulation around the central pillar, symbol of the axis of the Buddhism world. They were never inhabited.
The most impressive cave is the cave of the labyrinth, which dates from XVIIIe century filled with thirteen inputs, of the vast rooms and corridors and 70 Buddhas.
With Po win Daung one counts 947 caves, a treasure of art bouddhic, still badly listed.
In the south of the estuary of Salouen, Moulmein is the capital of the Mon State. One can go there by the road or by train. The British had made of it a port of shipment of the teak wood (come the close area karen) that supplanted the role of the old port Mon, Martaban. Rudyard Kipling immortalized the town of Moulmein in " On the road of Mandalay ". If you are stomping by road, stop by Thaton, the old Mon capital (5th-10th century) of which it remains only little of testimonies.
* Visit city
* The Mahamouni pagoda one of the principal monuments of the country
* The Kyaikthanlan pagoda, the pagoda of Kipling
* The Zyegyi market.
* Excursion with Thanbyuzayat with 72 kms of Moulmein, celebrates memorial of the 2nd world war.
* Road until Setse in edge of sea, a very beautiful range which one will appreciate fine sand.
* Cruising bound for the island of Balukyun, the island of ogre as large as Singapore.
* Visit monastery Yadana Bom Myint, of which the interior is of any beauty.
* The pagoda of the queen Shin Sawpu, Kyaikmaraw, a hollow pagoda surrounded by a deambulatoire decorated mosaics.
* Kyauktalone, a strange site of two pitons limestones, where one built the greatest Buddha lying of the world (1000m length). The interior is a succession of vaults forming a labyrinth.
After Bagan, the land is second richest archaeological site, in other words, the last royal capital of Arakan Dynasty, which was bloomed mainly in the range of 15th to 18th Century. The monarchy built the temples with stones from the sea and unlike from other stupas in the nation, you will explore that the temples are standing in black color in unique architecture.